Before a formal transfer to KEMRI, CPHR operated by the name of Medical Research Centre (MRC), which was managed by the Royal Tropical Institute of Amsterdam (KIT) until 1987. In 1995, KEMRI undertook a re-alignment exercise of its research mandates / Programmes and renamed its centers to reflect the new corporate identity. In this regard, MRC remained the official name of the center until 1997 when all tittles of centers  were changed to start with CENTRE and MRC renamed the “Centre for Public Health Research”.


The Administration has 12 sections as detailed in the table below that support all the research units and the director in executing their mandates at the center. All the administrative units link to their respective departments at the KEMRI headquarters. Their services range from, secretarial, accounting (important to support handle accounts of scientists’ funded projects); procurement section that supports both the administrative needs on procurement as well as individual scientists with regards to their projects; telephone operators, drivers, workshop and garage sections that support the Centre manage minor repairs of facilities and vehicles. In addition, librarian supports the Centre in collating of relevant documentation and proposals for referencing while the registry supports on centralized filing of all documents and files of the Center.


Our mission is to improve human health and quality of life through research, capacity building, innovation and service delivery


Our vision is to be a leading centre of excellence in research for human health.


  1. To conduct research aimed at providing solutions for reduction of diseases of public health importance
  2. To undertake innovations in products formulation and provision of specialized service delivery for promotion of public health
  3. To strengthen capacity in public health research through training, supervision and mentorship
  4. To translate and disseminate health research findings for evidence-based policy formulation and implementation for improved public health.
  5. To provide leadership in public health research in Kenya and beyond


1983 Kakamega ORS and social marketing Charcoal based water filter (Bone-char)
1985 Development of non-fluoride tooth paste for children Non fluoride toothpaste; Changed utilization of fluoride toothpaste by children; Fluorosis in children reduced
1987 Effectiveness of Bone-char in water de-fluoridation

Small scale de- fluoridation of water treatment plants;

Reduction of fluoride levels in water and prevalence of fluorosis

1993 KIDICO – Oral rehydration salts -Adopted for management of diarrheal in children, That  Reduced incidences of Diarrheal in children
1995 Determination of early manifestation of HIV in oral cavity WHO clinical staging of HIV; Informed the development of WHO guidelines on clinical staging of HIV ; Early detection HIV and prompt management
2003 Decentralization of TB Manyattas  TB manyattas; Reduction of distance to access to treatment through decentralization of TB manyattas ; Improved  access to more TB patients
2004 Salt iodization

Standard that reviewed iodization with PI from 100ppm to 30-50ppm which is currently in enforcement by government

Adopted by government and legislated into law. Reduced iodine deficiency in the population


Study on Mother offspring vitamin A transfer

Findings show that vitamin A concentration in breast milk reduces as the child grows older and vitamin A partitioning to ensure mothers survival and further off springs

Supplementation of vitamin A from months is useful in ensuring the children get optimal vitamin A

Confirms the interventions by government on the importance of Vitamin A interventions to children from the age NIL6 months

Reduced vitamin A deficiencies in the population

2008 Developed the methodology for determining conformity to vitamin A fortification standards

Vitamin A Fats and oils analysis

This was used to build capacity in KEBS and is currently in use for the national and regional food fortification monitoring

KEBS is able monitor and report on fortification compliance by national and regional industries


2013 KARI/McGill Project: Innovations for Resilient Farming Agriculture and nutrition dialogue cards

Dialogue cards for training communities on nutrition practices

Improved knowledge on dietary diversity



Ongoing Projects


Completed Projects


Divisions at Centre for Public Health Research (CPHR)

1. Health Systems Research
2. Public Health Nutrition, Maternal and child health
3. Population and Behavioral Sciences
4. Oral Health
5. Epidemiology
6. Environmental, occupational and Industrial Health

Social Sciences Unit

Social Sciences Research arm is an independent Unit in the Centre for Public Health Research, KEMRI that provides broad research endeavors in the social sciences, along with research skills related to health, illness and health care. The research in this discipline is conducted by social scientists following a systematic plan that utilizes both quantitative and qualitative designs. Quantitative design approach social phenomena through quantifiable evidence, and often rely on statistical analysis of many cases (or across intentionally designed treatments in an experiment) to create valid and reliable general claims related to quantity. Qualitative design, on the other hand, emphasize understanding of social phenomena through direct observation, communication with participants, or analysis of texts, and may stress contextual subjective accuracy over generality. Reasons for social research ankers on identifying general patterns and relationship, testing and refining theory, making prediction, interpreting significance, exploring diversity, giving voice and advancing new theories. The Social Science Unit comprises of various skills visa vis Medical Sociology, Sociology, Anthropology, Demography and Psychology. Its functions include carrying out research that ensures excellence in research and innovation for human health, strengthening disease based research, enhancing dissemination and translation of research findings for evidence based policy formulation and implementation and mentoring programmes.

Dr. Zipporah Bukania PhD
Deputy Director CPHR

Dr. Zipporah Bukania PhD, is a Research Scientists and Director Centre for Public Health Research, KEMRI. She has strong academic and professions training in applied human nutrition with over 20 years’ work experience in both clinical application and research. Her doctoral studies training is in applied human nutrition. She has been involved in a wide range of nutrition research activities focusing majorly on generating evidence to support implementation of nutrition related programmes. She has spearheaded nutrition research initiatives ranging from strategy development, review of policy documents, desktop reviews, stakeholders’ analyses studies, development of dietary intake assessment tools, quantitative dietary intake methods, national household surveys, randomized controlled trials and implementation science research in collaboration with partners and stakeholders

List of publications

1. Robinson Oyando, Martin Njoroge, Peter Nguhiu, Fredrick Kirui,Jane Mbui, Antipa Sigilai, Zipporah Bukania, Andrew Obala, Kenneth Munge, Anthony Etyang, Edwine Barasa. Patient costs of diabetes care in public health care facilities in Kenya. Int J Health Plann Mgmt. Vol 1–13. Sept. 2019https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6618067/

2. Anthony O. Etyang, Antipa Sigilai, Emily Odipo, Robinson Oyando, Gerald Ong’ayo, Lawrence Muthami,Kenneth Munge, Fredrick Kirui, Jane Mbui, Zipporah Bukania, Judy Mwai, Andrew Obala, Edwine Barasa. Diagnostic Accuracy of Unattended Automated Office Blood Pressure Measurement in Screening for Hypertension in Kenya: A Population Based Study Hypertension October 2019. https://doi.org/10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.119.13574

3. Rose Okoyo Opiyo Peter Nyasulu, Joyce Olenja, Moleen Zunza, Kim A. Nguyen, Zipporah Bukania, Esther Nabakwe, Alexander Mbogo, Anthony Were. Factors associated with adherence to dietary prescription among adult patients with chronic kidney disease on hemodialysis in national referral hospitals in Kenya: A Mixed-methods survey. BMC renal replacement Therapy Journal, September 2019 https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s41100-019-0237-4

4. June Yee Tsun Po, Zipporah Bukania, Lutta Muhammad & Gordon M. Hickey (2019): Associations between Maternal Participation in Agricultural Decision-Making and Child Nutrition in Semiarid Kenya, Journal of Hunger & Environmental Nutrition, DOI: 10.1080/19320248.2019.1617214 https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/19320248.2019.1617214

Dr. Mercy Karimi Njeru

Dr. Mercy Karimi Njeru is a research scientist involved in the conduct medical human research. In conducting research, she has taken the lead in various multi- country and multi- sectorial health research projects by: providing technical advice and support in planning and implementing research. Her research work has gained global recognition in the application of mixed methods in areas of health systems research as indicated in the following websites: http://www.uib.no/cih/en/nyheter/2013/04/cih-publication-one-of-10-best-resources-on-mixed-methods-research. She has continually mentored and mentored in the application of Mixed methods. Dr. Njeru earned her PhD in health systems at the University of Bergen- Norway,  Master of International Health at Griffith university Brisbane- Australia to mention a few.

 List of publications
a) Selected articles published in peer reviewed journals

• Kleczka B, Kumar P, Njeru MK, Musiega A (2019). Using rubber stamps and mobile phones to help understand and change antibiotic prescribing behaviour in private sector primary healthcare clinics in Kenya BMJ Global Health doi:10.1136/bmjgh-2019-001422

• Mackintosh M, Tibandebage P, Njeru MK, Kungu JK, Israel C and Mujinja PG (2018). Rethinking health sector procurement as developmental linkages in East Africa Social science and medicine 200 (182-189)

• Mackintosh M, Mugwangwa J, Banda G, Tibandebage P, Tunguhole J, Wangwe S, and Njeru MK, (2018). Health-industry linkages for local health:Reframing policies for African health system strengthening Heath Policy and Planning (1-9)


• Currently Deputy Director, Research Capacity Building, in-charge of training and academic affairs at the KEMRI Graduate School. Also involved in Teaching and supervision of postgraduate students at KEMRI Graduate School
• A Researcher Developing and implementing research proposal address sexual, reproductive, adolescent, maternal and child health and nutrition, including health systems issues is through; Protocol development, Mobilisation of research funds, Project implementation and management, Data analysis and interpretation, Report writing, and Dissemination of research findings.
• Member of the KEMRI Scientific and Ethics review Unit (SERU)

1. Elizabeth Echoka and Lydia Kaduka. Maternal malnutrition affects future generations. Kenya must break the cycle. The Conversation. October 4, 2016
2. Erick KiprotichYegon, Peter KabanyaMwaniki, Elizabeth Echoka, Joachim Osur. Correlates of individual-level stigma and unsafe abortions among women seeking abortion care in Trans Nzoia and Machakos Counties, Kenya.Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public HealthVol 9 no.4 July 2016
3. Erick Kiprotich Yegon, Peter Kabanya Mwaniki, Elizabeth Echoka, Joachim Osur. Abortion Related Stigma: A Case Study of Abortion Stigma in Regions with High And Low Incidences Of Unsafe Abortion. East African Medical Journal Vol. 93 No. 3 March 2016
4. Erick KiprotichYegon, Peter KabanyaMwaniki, Elizabeth Echoka, Joachim Osur. Understanding abortion-related stigma and incidence of unsafe abortion: experiences from community members in Machakos and Trans Nzoia counties Kenya. Pan Afr Med J. 2016; 24: 258.
5. Martin KavaoMutua; Elizabeth Kimani-Murage; Nicholas Ngomi; HenrikRavn; Peter Mwaniki; Elizabeth Echoka. Fully immunized child: Coverage, timing and sequencing of routine immunization in an urban poor settlement in Nairobi, Kenya. Tropical Medicine and Health (2016) 44:13

Dr. Joseph Mutai

Dr Mutai holds a PhD in Anthropology (UoN), MA (Sociology, UoN) and BA (Hons, UoN).He has participated in the development and implementation of various projects in nutrition, policy development and analysis, health system, household surveys, in communities on varied Biomedical and Behavioral health issues. He has been teaching in various universities since 2009 to-date. He teaches Social Sciences in Health in Masters of Public Health, Envionmental, Industrial and Occupational Health and Health Systems and Society (KEMRI Graduate School), Health Systems and Society, Social Sciences in Health and Planning and Evaluation in Health (Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology).

List of publications
  1. P.Otiende, G. Kikuvi and J. Mutai (2019) Factors associated with uptake of cervical cancer screening among women of reproductive age in Migori County Referral Hospital. European International Journal of Science and Technology Vol. 8 (5) 11-25
  2. Mburu Muiyuro, Kenneth Ngure, Joseph Mutai, Murima Ng‟ang‟a (2019) Adherence to Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy and Associated Factors among HIV Positive Adolescents in Kenya IOSR Journal Of Humanities And Social Science. Vol. 24 (1)8 (January) 17-25 e-ISSN: 2279-0837, p-ISSN: 2279-0845.
  3. Ongeri L., Kirui F., Muniu E., Veronica Manduku V., Kirumbi L., Atwoli L., Agure
    S., Wanzala P., Kaduka L., Karimi M., Mutisya R., Elizabeth Echoka E., Mutai J.,
    Mathu D. and Mbakaya C.L. (2019) Khat use and psychotic symptoms in a rural
    Khat growing population in Kenya: a household survey BMC Psychiatry 5(12)
  4. Safari Agure, LCM Mbakaya, Erastus Muniu, Lydia Kaduka, Leah Kirumbi, Fredrick Kirui, Peter Wanzala, Veronica Manduku, Linnet Ongeri, Joseph Mutai1, Elizabeth Echoka, Prisca Otambo, Mercy Karimi (2019) Schooling In The Midst of KHAT Growing, Chewing and Trading IOSR Journal of Research & Method in Education (IOSR-JRME) e-ISSN: 2320–1959.p- ISSN: 2320–1940 Vol 9,(2 Ser. I. (Mar. – Apr) 59-67
Lydia Kaduka, PhD, KEMRI.

Dr. Kaduka is a Principal Research Officer at Centre for Public Health Research in KEMRI. Her formal doctoral training is in Medical Biochemistry and she pursued post-doctoral training in Healthcare Management. She has largely focused on NCDs, and stroke & cardiovascular diseases in particular. She has served as PI/Co-PI/Co-investigator on numerous projects, and marshalled and led research teams, mentored young investigators, and provided scientific direction in her line of work. Presently she serves as PI on a joint Medical Research Council (MRC, Cambridge, UK) – National Research Foundation (NRF, Nairobi, Kenya) Newton grant entitled, “Strengthening Primary Care Systems for Prevention & Control of Cardiovascular Diseases in Kenya: Feasibility Study of Health Kiosks in Markets”. This is a system-led intervention study to improve the reach and sustainability of cardiovascular disease prevention and health promotion interventions in communities through market-based health kiosks, in an effort to address inequalities in health care access. She currently serves on the Kenya National CVD Technical Working Group, and Chairs the Kenya National CVD Research and Monitoring and Evaluation Sub-Committee.

List of publications

1. Safari Agure, LCM Mbakaya, Erastus Muniu, Lydia Kaduka, Leah Kirumbi, Fredrick Kirui, Peter Wanzala, Veronica Manduku, Linnet Ongeri, Joseph Mutai, Elizabeth Echoka , Prisca Otambo , Mercy Karimi Schooling inThe Midst of KHAT Growing, Chewing and Trading IOSR Journal of Research & Method in Education Volume 9, Issue 2 Mar- Apr PP 59-67,2019
2. Linnet Ongeri, Fredrick Kirui, Erastus Muniu, Veronica Manduku, Leah Kirumbi, Lukoye Atwoli, Safari Agure, Peter Wanzala, Lydia Kaduka, Mercy Karimi, Richard Mutisya, Elizabeth Echoka, Joseph Mutai, David Mathu and Charles Mbakaya. Khat use and psychotic symptoms in a rural Khat growing population in Kenya: a household survey. BMC Psychiatry 2019; 19:137.
3. Kaduka L., Muniu E., Mbui J., et al. Disability-adjusted life years due to stroke in Kenya. Neuroepidemiology 2019; doi 10.1159/000498970.
4. Bukania Z, Van der Haar F, Mwangi M, Mugambi G, Murage L, Mwai J, Ng’ang’a J, Kaduka L, Ndemwa P, Wanyoike C and Y Kombe. Iodine Status And Sources Of Dietary Iodine Intake In Kenyan Women And Children. Afr. J. Food Agric. Nutr. Dev. 2019; 19(2): 14218-14243.
5. Martin N. Mwangi, Elizabeth Echoka, Marthe Knijff, Lydia Kaduka, Brenda G. Werema, Frida M. Kinya, Richard Mutisya. Iron Status of Kenyan Pregnant Women after Adjusting for Inflammation Using BRINDA Regression Analysis and Other Correction Methods. Nutrients 2019:11; 420.

Violet Wanjihia, PhD

1. PhD. Nutritional Sciences from University of Tokushima, Japan
2. MPH. in Public Health & Nutrition from Kenyatta University.
3. B.Ed. Hons (Home-Economics) from Kenyatta University.
Violet Wanjihia has over fifteen years of research experience in Public Health, Nutrition and Maternal Child Health research. Her research interests are in Non-communicable diseases, Nutritional Programming and Drug addiction. Her current research seeks to establish the role of maternal factors in contributing to Non-communicable disease susceptibility in offspring. She is also engaged in teaching and supervising post-graduate students at the KEMRI Graduate School under the ITROMID Programme and also within Nagasaki University, Institute of Tropical Medicine where she is also involved in collaborative research. Violet is also a reviewer for various Scientific bodies within and outside KEMRI and is currently a member of the Daystar University IRB.
Key Publications
Junichi Tanaka, Kazuko Yoshizawa, Kenji Hirayama, Mohamed Karama, Violet Wanjihia, Mwatasa Salim Changoma, Satoshi Kaneko (2019). Relationship between dietary patterns and stunting in pre-school children: a cohort analysis from Kwale, Kenya. Public Health 173: 58-68.

Catherine Mwangi , Simon Karanja, John Gachohi, Violet Wanjihia, Zipporah Ngang’a. (2019). Depression, injecting drug use and risky sexual behavior syndemic among women who inject Drugs in Kenya: a cross-sectional survey. Harm Reduction Journal 2019 16:35

Mwangi C, Karanja S, Gachohi J, Wanjihia V, Ng’ang’a Z (2019). Assessment of Retrospective and Current Substance Use in Women Who Inject Drugs in Low-Income Urban Settings in Kenya. J Alcohol Drug Depend 7: 324.
DOI: 10.4172/2329-6488.1000324

Wanjihia V, Muniu E, Mwangi M, Mwangi C, Mutisya R, et al. (2018). Comparison of Nutritional Status and Food Insecurity among People Who Inject Illicit Drugs, Non Drug Users and Those on Methadone Treatment in Selected Areas of Nairobi, Kenya. J Alcohol Drug Depend 6: 319. doi:10.4172/2329-6488.1000319

Norah M. Wekesa, Violet Wanjihia, Anselimo Makokha, Raphael W. Lihana, Judith A. Ngeresa, Satoshi Kaneko, Mohamed Karama (2018). High Parity and Low Education are Predictors of Late Antenatal Care initiation among Women in Maternal and Child Health Clinics in Kwale County, Kenya. Journal of Health, Medicine and Nursing Vol.50.

N.M. Wekesa, A Makokha, V.W. Wanjihia, R.W. Lihana, Satoshi Kaneko, Mohamed Karama (2017). Infant feeding knowledge and practices among lactating mothers in Kwale County, Kenya. East African Medical Journal. Vol 94 (10).

Erastus Mwangi Muniu

I have an academic background in area of statistics and in research activities, my expertise is in area of research designs, determining sample size needed for projects, sampling and data management which include application of various statistical analysis methods to research data in order to make inferences. I have been involved in research projects in area of nutrition for a period spanning over 20 years and lately extended to nutrition & cancer plus other Non-communicable diseases (NCDs). In collaboration with other researchers, we have produced several peer-reviewed publications from these projects.
I have also been involved in teaching Biostatistics to students at Institute of Tropical Medicine and Infectious Diseases (ITROMID) and mentoring students on Industrial attachment and Interns.


Mwaniki, D., Radol, J.W.O., Muniu, E. and Manji, F. The occurrence and pattern of facial bone fractures in Nairobi, Kenya. EAMJ 1988; 65(11): 759-763.

Chunge, R.N., Wamola, I.A., Kinoti, S.N., Mutanda, L.N., Nagelkerke, N., Muthami, L., Muttunga, J., Muniu, E., Simwa, J.M., Karumba, P.N. and Kabiru, P. Mixed infections in childhood diarrhoea: results of a community study in Kiambu District, kenya. EAMJ 1989; 66(11): 715-23.

Muniu, E.; Katsivo, M.N.; Mwaura L.W and Amuyunzu, M. Fatal non-transport injuries in Nairobi, Kenya. EAMJ, 1994; 71(6): 346-349.

Katsivo M.N., Mwaura L.W., Muniu, E. and Amuyunzu, M. Accidents involving adults in the home environment in Nairobi, Kenya. EAMJ 1994; 71(6): 350-353.

Mwaura L.W., Katsivo M.N.; Amuyunzu, M. and Muniu E. Childhood accidents in an urban community in Kenya. EAMJ 1994; 71(8): 506-509.

Nordberg E., Mwobobia I.K and Muniu E. Hospital catchment areas and surgery in Meru district, Kenya. EAMJ 1995; 72(2): 127-129.

Ismail Adow-Research Scientist, Centre for Public Health Research.

Ismail Adow have experience in Public health, Nutrition, Social Behavior Change and Communication( SBCC) and Biomedical research, worked as Research Scientist at Kenya Medical Research Institute, also worked with Save the children International as Nutrition Communication for development officer and Hygiene Promoter at Médecins Sans Frontières, Swiss.

Ongoing Project as Principal investigator:
Uptake of Antenatal care service among women of reproductive age in Mandera County, Kenya sponsored by child health Foundation, USA.

Ongoing Project as Co-investigator.

Strengthening counties health workers capacity for evidence-based decisions use and intervention support systems through more effective application of knowledge at the stage of priority setting in Kenya sponsored by National Research Fund.
Assessing Population Health Needs and health systems’ capacity for the implementation of Universal Health Coverage in Kenya sponsored by Government of Kenya.


I have over 20 years work experience in conducting research in health and managing research related processes; training and capacity building for human resource in health; partnering in inter-regional collaborative projects in health and water sectors.

In addition, I have valuable experience in handling and managing large flexible data using MS Access / Visual Basic (VB) software as well as Open Data Kit (ODK) software (mobile data collection technologies). For data analysis, gained experience in using statistical software such as SPSS/PC, Epi, & Strata. For mapping, I prefer to use GRASS GIS modular software.

List of publications 

i. Kariuki JN, Kaburi J, Musuva R, et al. Research Dissemination Strategies Used by Kenya Medical Research Institute Scientists. E Afr Health Res J. 2019;3(1):70-78. http://doi.org/10.24248/EAHRJ-D-18-00011.
ii. Oghera W., Ooga, O., Orare D., Wambura F., Chimbevo ML. Kariuki JN., Wang’ombe A. (2017). GBV Determinants of Survival of HIV-HAART Naive Patients to HAART Initiation at Bondo Sub-County Hospital: A Two Year Retrospective Cohort Study. International Journal of HIV/AIDS Prevention, Education and Behavioural Science. Vol. 3, No. 2, 2017, pp. 7-14.

iii. Ngorett FC., Kariuki JN., Kariuki JKK., (2016). An Assessment of Information Communication Technology Content, Context and Process Dimensions in Public Health Facilities in Machakos and Nairobi Counties. East African Medical Journal. Volume 93. No.5. September 2016.
iv. Muchiri F., Kariuki JN., Otundo D., Mwangandi L., Karanja S., (2016). Cost-Efficient Evaluation of Ambulance Services for Community Critical Care Transport Needs in Machakos County, Kenya. East African Medical Journal. Volume 93. No.5. May 2016.
v. Mulia WK., Mbakaya CFL., Makokha A., Mbugua GG., Kariuki JN., Muniu E., (2016). Nutritional Status of Adolescents and Adult PLWA on Anti-Retroviral Treatment, Attending Various Comprehensive Care Centres in Nairobi County, Kenya. Journal of Health, Medicine and Nursing. Vol. 26, 2016. P. 76 -81.

Priscah C.N. Otambo (PhD)

Dr. Otambo holds a PhD in Public health from JKUAT, Masters of Arts degree in Medical Sociology, (University of Nairobi) and Bachelor of Arts degree in Business & Office Management, Hons from Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology). She public health research and training professional (Social Scientist), with keen interest in HIV/AIDS, gender and health, Health Systems and community development. Over 20 years working experience both in administrative and scientific fields with priority in identifying, developing, implementing and managing quantitative and qualitative research in public health. Outstanding communication and writing skills; able to work in a team and independently; prioritize and meet deadlines. She is also Chairperson, Gender Mainstreaming Committee, Head Social Sciences Unit and a member of Violence and Injury Prevention Technical Working Group, Ministry of Health, and also a Fellow, African Women in Agricultural Research and Development.

1.Otambo P. C. N, Mburugu E, Korir R,(2013) Quality of Life of Women living with HIV and AIDS in Korogocho Slums, Nairobi, Kenya: Afr J Health Sci. 2013; 24:149-15
2. P.C.N. Otambo et al (2016) : Accessibility to, acceptability of and adherence to HIV/AIDS prevention services by men who have sex with men: Challenges encountered at facility level – Advances in Public Health ,Volume 2016.
3.Otambo P.C.N., Mathu D., Mutai J., Agure S., Ongadi B., Makokha A., Karama M.Factors associated with uptake of HIV/AIDS prevention services among men who have sex with men in Nairobi County,July 14, 2016 HIV/AIDS, Volume29_4
4. Otambo P.C.N1 .Mathu D: Investing in health regionally – a synthesis of the 5th annual East African Community Health and Scientific Conference:
[Afr J Health Sci. 2016; 29(5)]
5.Safari Agure, LCM Mbakaya, Erastus Muniu, Lydia Kaduka, Leah Kirumbi, Fredrick Kirui, Peter Wanzala, Veronica Manduku, Linnet Ongeri, Joseph Mutai, Elizabeth Echoka , Prisca Otambo , Mercy Karimi; Schooling In The Midst of KHAT Growing, Chewing and Trading: IOSR Journal of Research & Method in Education, Volume 9, Issue 2 Mar- Apr 2019 PP 59-67



1. A. (Sociology)- Ch. Charan Singh University, (India)
2. B.A. (Sociology/ Pub. Admin)- Kurukshetra University (India)
3. Diploma Counselling Psychology – Amani Counselling and Training Institute

Research interests
1. Health priority setting
2. Maternal and child health
3. NCDs, patient and Caregiver support
4. Mental wellbeing
5. Alcohol abuse and community health

Currently involved in research on: Access to cancer care in Kenya; The effect of Nutritional counselling of primary caregivers and peer support on the Nutritional status of children under 5 years; Universal Health coverage in Kenya; and the effect of Gestational Diet, Gestational Diabetes and Maternal Obesity on Nutritional Programming in offspring.

1. Lilian Nyamusi Nyandieka, Mercy Karimi Njeru, Zipporah Ng’ang’a, Elizabeth Echoka, and Yeri Kombe. Male Involvement in Maternal Health Planning Key to Utilization of Skilled Birth Services in Malindi Sub-county, Kenya. Hindawi Publishing Corporation. Advances in Public Health Volume 2016; http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/5608198.
2. Lilian Nyamusi Nyandieka, Yeri Kombe, Zipporah Ng’ang’a, Jens Byskov, Mercy Karimi Njeru. An assessment of priority setting process and its implication on availability of emergency obstetric care services in Malindi District, Kenya. The Pan African Medical Journal. 2015;22:156. doi: 10.11604/pamj.2015.22.156.7296.
3. Jens Byskov, Bruno Marchal, Stephen Maluka, Joseph M Zulu, Salome A Bukachi, Anna-Karin Hurtig, Astrid Blystad, Peter Kamuzora, Charles Michelo, Lillian N Nyandieka, et al and the REACT Consortium. The accountability for reasonableness approach to guide priority setting in health systems within limited resources – findings from action research at district level in Kenya, Tanzania, and Zambia. Health Research Policy and Systems 2014, 12:49 : https://doi.org/10.1186/1478-4505-12-49
4. Elizabeth Echoka, Anselimo Makokha, Dominique Dubourg, Yeri Kombe, Lillian Nyandieka, Jens Byskov. Barriers to emergency obstetric care services: accounts of survivors of life threatening obstetric complications in Malindi District, Kenya. Pan Africa Medical Journal. 2014;17(Supp 1):4 : doi: 10.11694/pamj.supp.2014.17.1.3042
5. Munyuwiny S, Kamweya A, Nyandieka L, Murimi N. Factors Associated with HIV Risk Sexual Behavior among Female Domestic Workers in Nairobi, Kenya. African Journal of Health Sciences. 2013; 25:104-119

Moses Mwangi

I am a trained Biostatistician, with 16 years’ hands-on experience in Biomedical Research. My current area of Statistical concentration is Joint Models for Longitudinal and Survival data. Have extensive modeling experience using Statistical procedures such as Linear Mixed-Effects Models (LMM), Generalized Linear Models (GLM), Generalized Estimating Equations (GEE) and Cox-Proportional Hazards (CoxPH) Regression. Am currently registered for a PhD in Biostatistics at University of Hasselt Belgium, constantly working in a modeling environment with renowned modeling experts and professors in Europe.

1. Fred Orina; Moses Mwangi; Hellen Meme; Benson Kitole; Evans Amukoye. Intrinsic and extrinsic factors associated with sputum characteristics of presumed tuberculosis patients. September, 2019; PLOS ONE.

2. Lucas Luvai A. Asaava, Michael M. Gacheru, Moses Mwangi, Edwin Mwangi, Ernest Juma, Ruth Moraa, Adan Halakhe, Willie Abela Githui. A cross-sectional epidemiological investigation of nontuberculous mycobacteria of public health importance in slaughter camels in Samburu County, Kenya. Springer Nature; Tropical Animal Health Production; https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-019-02054-2.
3. Mwangi M, Wanzala P, Sang WK, Kiptoo M, Kariuki JN, Githui WA. Does Choice of Spot, Morning or Both Sputum Samples Determine Optimal Performance of a Tuberculosis Diagnostic Tool?. Afr J Health Sci. 2019; 32(1)supp: ISSN 1022 – 9272.
4. Githui W.A, Mwangi M., Sang W., Juma E., Aberi R., Kiptoo M., Wanzala P. Reproducibility of results and Performance of TB Diagnostics in East Africa Public Health Laboratory Networking Project in Kenya. Afr J Health Sci. 2019; 32(1)supp: ISSN 1022 – 9272.
5. Wanzala P., Mwangi M., Sang W., Kiptoo M., Githui W.A. Exposure and Clinical Features Associated with Culture Positivity among Patients Presumed to have TB Disease in the East Africa Public Health Laboratory Networking – Operational Research Project sites, Kenya. Afr J Health Sci. 2019; 32(1)supp: ISSN 1022 – 9272.


Merab .P Odero

Education background: PhD (candidate),MA (Ghana), PGDBMRM (UoN), PGDPop (UoN), PGDE (UoN) , BA (Hons, UoN) She holds a Master of Arts in Population Studies (University of Ghana), a Postgraduate Diploma in Biomedical Research Methodology (University of Nairobi) and a Bacherlor of Arts (Hons, University of Nairobi). Currently PhD registered at Makerere University, Uganda.
Merab P .Odero, PhD (candidate) is a Senior Researcher Scientist at The Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI) Kenya. She has 22 years progressive professional and academic experience in Gender and Women’s health, HIV, Gender Based Violence, Adverse childhood experiences (Child Maltreatment) and related Social Science Research in Public Health. She also has 16 years’ experience in Postgraduate teaching and supervision on Demography. She also has 9 years of teaching experience in various high schools in Kenya.

1. Odero M, Hatcher AM, Bryant C, Onono M, Romito P, Bukusi EA, Turan JM. Responses to and resources for intimate partner violence: qualitative findings from women, men, and service providers in rural Kenya. J Interpers Violence. 2014 Mar; 29(5):783-805. PMID: 24255067.
2. Turan JM, Hatcher AM, Romito P, Mangone E, Durojaiye M, Odero M, Camlin CS. Intimate partner violence and forced migration during pregnancy: Structural constraints to women’s agency. Glob Public Health. 2016; 11(1-2):153-68. PMID: 25996287.
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5. The Prevalence and Knowledge of Emergency Contraceptive Pills (ECP’s) among women in Kibera, Nairobi . Mutie I, Odero M, Ng’ang’a M, Mbugua G (October, 2012).


I am a global health graduate currently working in KEMRI as a Research Scientist with a keen
interest in health systems and policy research, sexual, reproductive, adolescent, and maternal
and child health and non-communicable diseases.

I have three years’ experience in successfully identifying, developing, implementing and managing quantitative and qualitative research projects in public health both as a Co-Principal Investigator and Co-Investigator. As a Co-Principal Investigator, I have managed the inception, development, implementation and dissemination of a Kenyan National funded study “A rapid situation analysis on population needs for Universal Health Coverage in government selected pilot counties, Kenya” which has contributed to evidence on how best to ensure entire population health coverage for Kenyans.

Additionally, I have worked in a team to assess the impact of delivering ICCM and maternal and
newborn care interventions using an innovative community health model in Busia County,
Kenya where the findings have contributed greatly to strengthening Primary Health Care in

1. Co-Principal investigator- A rapid situation analysis on population needs for universal health coverage in government selected Pilot Counties, Kenya
IRG KEMRI 01/2019- 08/2019
Major Goal(s): The overall goal of the project was to explore population-driven needs for an effective Universal Health Coverage program in the selected pilot counties of Isiolo, Kisumu, Machakos, and Nyeri. This included assessing the challenges at levels 2 and 3 facilities, so that they can be strengthened to reduce influx in levels 4 and 5 facilities and assessment of actual heath workforce.

2. Co-Investigator- An assessment of the impact of delivering ICCM and maternal and newborn care interventions using an innovative community health model in Busia County, Kenya
Living Goods Funding- 2018
Major Goals: The overall objective of the project was to evaluate the impact of implementing ICCM of malaria, diarrhea, pneumonia, as well as core MNCH interventions and malaria case management for under five using the LG community health model

3. Co-Investigator- Makueni County health workers’ capacity to acquire, summarize and adopt research evidence for decision making processes
IRG Grant –KEMRI- 09/2017- 08 /2018
Major Goals: The main goal of the project was to assess Makueni County Health workers’ capacity to acquire and summarize previous research outputs (knowledge management), to identify barriers associated with adoption of research outputs among the health workers (knowledge translation) and to develop a research utilization model that would assist in incorporating evidence to inform priority decision making in health service delivery in Makueni County.

Dr. Zipporah Bukania

Center for Public Health Research
P.O. BOX 20752-00202, KNH Nairobi, Kenya
Email: directorcphr@kemri.org

Contact Info

Centre for Public Health Research

P.O. BOX 20752-00202, KNH Nairobi, Kenya

Email: directorcphr@kemri.org